Kat Klinefelter

Nearly every country across the globe has a national anthem, but as musical compositions, they vary widely.

A National Anthems Ranking

From the elegant to the energetic, the world's national anthems are fitting symbols for the countries they represent. But how do they compare?

October 25, 2022

The Rules

What is the first thing people think of when they are asked for a symbol of a country? Some turn to the flag, while others may mention their national bird. However, the most prominent and complex of them all may just be the national anthem.

National anthems are seen as a central part of a country’s identity and are often praised as a symbol of patriotism. But how do these anthems stack up against one another as individual pieces of music? These questions had to be answered, and the anthems needed to be analyzed.

In a historical sense, national anthems are a relatively recent phenomenon, with the first ones composed in the late 18th century in Europe.  Today, the total number is massive, with all 193 UN countries having a national anthem. Former and non-UN countries’ anthems add to the list.  Due to space constraints–and for the sake of the author’s sanity–only 51 nations’ anthems were selected.

(As a disclaimer, the decision for the nations chosen for the sample was mostly arbitrary. The process simply involved a division of the world via regions, and selecting a few nations from each region, along with the inclusion of two former nations. Politics were ignored and avoided in both the selection and ranking processes.)

With the sample size determined, the ranking could begin. Each tier was given a one-sentence description that acted as a general justification for why each nation belonged in the said tier. The anthems were judged solely on the instrumentation, tune, and general mood of the music. The lyrics were generally ignored for the sake of avoiding political controversy. However, the amount of patriotism that could be heard within the anthem was factored in, as it tends to set an anthem apart from any regular piece of music.   

With everything established, the rankings were decided.

The Tiers

F Tier (It’s time for a change.)

Thankfully, no nation has an anthem this poor.

E Tier (Don’t take it politically.)

51. Japan – “君が代”

D Tier (Better than nothing.)

50. Sweden “Du Gamla Du Fria”

49. Hungary – “Himnusz”

48. Egypt – “لك حبي وفؤادي”

47. Ethiopia – “ወደፊት ገስግሺ ውድ እናት ኢትዮጵያ”

46. India – “जन गण मन”

45. Bangladesh – “আমার সোনার বাংলা”

44. Nigeria – “Arise, Oh Compatriots”

43. Afghanistan – “Millî Surûd” (chosen over Taliban) 

42. Mexico – “Himno Nacional Mexicano”

C Tier (Good tune, but nothing special.)

41. Greece – Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν”

40. Nepal – “सयौं थुँगा फूलका

39. Saudi Arabia – “عاش المليك

38. Czech Republic – “Kde domov můj”

37. Norway – “Ja Vi Elsker Dette Landet”

36. Kenya – “Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu”

35. Switzerland – “Schweizerpsalm”

34. Iraq – “موطني”

33. United Arab Emirates – “عيشي بلادي

32. Pakistan -”قومی ترانہ

31. Vietnam – “Tiến Quân Ca”

30. Canada – “O Canada”

B Tier (Your country would be proud.)

29. New Guinea – “O Arise, All You Sons”

28. Sri Lanka – “ශ්‍රී ලංකා මාතා

27. Taiwan – “中華民國國歌”

26. Germany – “Deutschlandlied”

25. Belgium – “La Brabançonne”

24. Uruguay -”Orientales, la Patria o la Tumba”

23. Spain – “Marcha Real”

22. Mongolia – “Монгол Улсын төрийн дуулал”

21. Ukraine – “Shche Ne Vmerla Ukrainy”

20. East Germany – “Auferstanden aus Ruinen”

19. Brazil – “Hino Nacional Brasileiro”

18. Poland – “Mazurek Dąbrowskiego”

17. China – “义勇军进行曲”

16. South Korea – “애국가”

A Tier (A Patriotic Masterpiece.)

15. Belarus – “Мы, беларусы”

14. Italy – “Il Canto degli Italiani” or  “Fratelli d’Italia”

13. Australia – “Advance Australia Fair”

12. United Kingdom – “God Save the King”

11. United States – “The Star-Spangled Banner”

10. North Korea – “애국가”

9. Iran – “سُرودِ مِلّئ جُمهورئ اِسلامئ ایران”

8. South Africa – “Nkosi Sikelel”

S Tier (GLORY)

7. France – “La Marseillaise”

6. Argentina – “Himno Nacional Argentino”

5. Puerto Rico – “La Borinqueña

4. Israel – “הַתִּקְוָה”

3. Turkey – “İstiklâl Marşı”

2. Russia – “Государственный гимн Российской Федерации”

1. Soviet Union – “Гимн Советского Союза

The Analysis

Ultimately, each national anthem was unique and respectable in its own right. There were no anthems that desperately needed change, hence the empty F-Tier.

E-Tier was home to the single tune that was rather lacking–Japan. It must be stressed that this judgment was made without any political bias, and solely based on the quality of the anthem itself. The Japanese anthem was simply too repetitive, lacked any creativity or variation, and had an extremely slow pace. It wasn’t a bad song, just not something that necessarily felt up to the standard of a national anthem.

D-Tier anthems were just… fine. They were nice enough to listen to and got the job done well enough, but they had their flaws. Ultimately, most of them came down to an overwhelming amount of repetition, a lack of energy, an absence of an exciting climax, and a need for a more satisfying end. Mexico, Afghanistan, and Nigeria were all considered for C-TIer, but due to some, or all, of the aforementioned issues, they could not quite make the cut. The oddest one was Ethiopia, having a tune that was just…really hard to describe. 

C-Tier anthems were average but definitely still good pieces of music. This tier was probably the most diverse, with some anthems more calm and romantic, while others were exciting and upbeat. However, there was nothing that really made them stand out above the others. Vietnam was close to making the cut into B-Tier, but just missed the mark. The biggest surprise was Canada, with an anthem that many people place in high regard. But truthfully, when reviewed, it just did not quite hit the level of satisfaction that higher tier anthems reached. It deserved the top of C-Tier for sure, but “O Canada” might be just a bit overrated. 

B-Tier anthems are definitely deserving of praise. This is where anthems began to really stand out, whether from a really strong melody or a clear wave of patriotism.  The biggest surprise was East Germany–one of the wild cards that were chosen out of all former countries–having an anthem that was actually superior to the current German anthem. South Korea was extremely close to making A-Tier, but the anthem was missing the spark to tie everything together.

A-Tier anthems were top-quality. The patriotism–even without any lyrics–could clearly be heard in the melodies of these anthems. The US and UK, two highly praised anthems, definitely lived up to their cult followings, and Australia followed close behind. Iran was very disorderly, but interestingly, the chaotic nature of their anthem actually made them stand out really well. South Africa had an anthem that was definitely on the brink of S-Tier, but ultimately, it just missed out due to an imbalance between its beginning–which was somewhat repetitive–and its end. 

S-Tier anthems generally followed one criteria–they were absolutely shocking. These anthems all carried some aspect that made them stand out far beyond any other anthem. Both Israel and Puerto Rico had a very mystical, almost fantasy-like mood to them, while still being extremely intense and patriotic. Argentina had the most complex and ambitious anthem, and it definitely paid off in their favor. Turkey had an anthem that held an almost ominous tune, while also providing extreme amounts of patriotism and excitement. However, the winner had to go to Russia; it was simply incredible… but the Soviets created it first, so they ranked higher.

(Note: This article was updated on January 24th, 2023, due to an error within the rankings.)

View Comments (5)
About the Writer
Photo of Sunny Li
Sunny Li, Co-Editor-in-Chief

Sunny is a Senior at NASH who is writing for the Uproar for the second and final year. As one of three Editors-in-Chief, Sunny hopes to inspire the rest of the Uproar's staff to go outside the box with wacky, yet well-constructed works. Outside of writing for the Uproar, Sunny enjoys aiding, guiding, and competing for the Speech and Debate team as one of two event leaders for Interpretation.

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  • B

    BariNov 19, 2023 at 2:32 am

    Trinidad and Tobago anthem was overlooked 🙁

  • T

    Teoman KanApr 5, 2023 at 11:14 pm

    I’m glad Turkiye made the top 3. This is truly a good list.

  • K

    KalebJan 23, 2023 at 11:57 am

    I must say that there are a few things wrong with this list. If lyrics are ignored, why are Poland and Yugoslavia in different tiers, when their anthems have the same melody? On that same note, why are Russia and the USSR ranked separately when the only difference between the two is the lyrics? Otherwise the list is okay, since I can’t complain too much on a list based on opinion.

    • S

      Sunny LiJan 24, 2023 at 8:39 am

      Hello Kaleb,

      Thank you for your comment. The discrepancy between Poland and Yugoslavia was a mistake on my part. Poland was reviewed very early on during the ranking process, while Yugoslavia was reviewed much later on. Due to that large gap in time, I unfortunately didn’t pick up on the fact that the two anthems literally had the same melody, so that was my fault. However, upon further review, I decided that the melody deserved its spot in B-tier. As for the USSR…well, I just couldn’t resist giving homage to the original source of the Russian anthem.

      Again, thank you for your feedback,

  • F

    FinleyJan 20, 2023 at 3:54 pm

    As an American who strongly objects to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, I must say whenever I hear the Russian National Anthem I am moved to tears, it’s that beautiful.